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IMF Downgrade Nigeria’s 2024 Economic Growth Forecast to 3%

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has revised Nigeria’s economic growth projection for 2024, lowering it from 3.1% to 3%. This update was included in the IMF’s World Economic Outlook (WEO) for January 2024, titled ‘Moderating Inflation and Steady Growth Open Path to Soft Landing’.

Despite the slight downgrade for Nigeria, the IMF predicts a rebound to 3.1% growth in 2025. The report also adjusted its forecast for sub-Saharan Africa economic growth, decreasing from an earlier prediction of 4% to 3.8% in 2024, followed by a rise to 4.1% in 2025. This adjustment is largely due to South Africa’s economic challenges, including logistical constraints in its transportation sector.

Globally, the IMF’s outlook is slightly more optimistic, with a 0.2 percentage increase to 3.1% growth in 2024, and a modest rise to 3.2% in 2025. This adjustment reflects improvement in economies like China, the United States, and other large emerging markets. However, this global growth projection remained below the historical annual average of 3.8% from 2000 to 2019.

The report indicated that advanced economies may experience a decline in growth in 2024 before recovering in 2025. In contrast, emerging markets and developing economies are expected to maintain a steady growth rate around 4.1% in 2024 and 4.2% in 2025.

Regarding inflation, the IMF expects a global reduction from an estimated 6.8% in 2023 to 5.8% in 2024, and further down to 4.4% in 2025. Advanced economies are likely to see a quicker decrease in inflation rates compared to emerging markets and developing economies.

The IMF emphasised the need for differentiated monetary policies across regions due to varying inflation dynamics and economic conditions. It also highlighted the importance of fiscal consolidation in the current economic climate, advocating for supply-enhancing reforms to support inflation and debt reduction while improving living standards.

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